The Important, The Actual, The Controversial, and Interesting: Horizon of Indonesia’s national media

Bill Kovach Basically inherit two things. First application of Bylines as one form of accountability to the public and journalist support at the truth as a form of integrity in public service.
Message that is implied in an article titled “Independency of Bill Kovach: Pembaca surat kabar Indonesia is difficult to assess the integrity of journalists” by Andreas Harsono. Monitor, January 2004. The article underlines the performance of the national mass media, especially print media which has its own code of conduct in performing their duties proclaiming that occur in everyday reality to the general public, and as soon as possible in terms of inclusion journalists credit.
By lines, which is the subject of writing of Andreas, is one of the indicators on the implementation of codes of ethics. In the realm of the ideal, this applies as ethical accountability newsmaker of the fact that he got through the process of coverage and verification in the field. But unfortunately, the application by lines not yet so entrenched in the national newspapers.
In addition to corporate interests, many factors that cause the application of By Lines not grounded in national journalism. From the bright side, at least journalists know that the inclusion of credit every journalist who publicly known indirectly would spur them to work better because of accountability and performance are at stake in the media.
For the astute reader, the lack of inclusion of the name of the author as a work of journalistic accountability process is sometimes difficult to assess. If you’ve ever read and compare the national print media that circulate in the community, the application of By Lines can be calculated in the folds of the finger.
It is also that we can make a hypothetical statement: whether the more widespread due to the identity emerging media that the author does not have a significant proportion of ethics. Really? Maybe there should be more research about it.
Regarding the responsibility of the public we can reflect on the figure of Bill Kovach, a journalist from the land of uncle sam. At his afternoon age, Bill Kovach is still a chance to share knowledge with anyone in journalistic term. With less flight hours over four decades and of course with the ripening process that makes the real old man of integrity is being honed.
What would you do if there are relatives who harm the public interest, on the other hand you are a reporter? Bill answered a serious question with a firm, even to their children, “There are rules in my household. I always tell kids, ‘you can do anything but do not let tomorrow’s headline act was signed in the newspaper. If that happens, I’ll cover you as I covering the others. “How about you? So, by lines into something important?
Try to absorb a terrace sentence below:
“No doubt, the sky turned to pale gray, at the end of dawn meet the grief.”
Stature does not like men in general. Being approximately 170cm tall, with small bones wrapped meat, , the mustache as the identity of his manhood. Familiar with the greeting of Munir. Yes, this time GM talk about human rights martyr figure in Catatan Pinggir (Sidewalk Notes), Munir, Tempo, 19 September 2004.
Who presume relentless struggle that had been stalled for a moment did the country on the way to the place where he will continue the struggle toward the culmination of the next. Coupled academic improvement in order to stabilize the movement.
All that vanished over there
When the reformation and the presence of civilian government. Munir emerged as a figure that with all body and soul to fight for rights which have accrued to one’s life. The right to get justice, one of the fundamental rights of human beings. With precisely that reason he gathered his energy to learn more about the obligations and policies of the State in the protection of human rights in the land of windmills, the Netherlands.
The latest development said that Munir died unnaturally. Results autopsy concluded he died of excess arsenic consumed substance in the body normally. In other words poisoned!
So from the medical facts emerge assumptions or presumptions about the murder planned by someone who is disturbed by his human rights advocacy activity. A syndicate of organized intellectual.
Who does not infuriated if the personal and group interests must be in block Munir with rows of Kontras- the Commission for Disappearances and Victims of Violence, a humanitarian organization that built by Munir and his friends in striving.

Not only there. Family and closest relatives also receive a variety of terror. Starting from threats over the phone or sending signals threat to residence.
In note edges, GM actually write a letter of allotment for Munir’s sons and daughters in the future, future. Distinctive style of literary writing embedded in every word, sentence, and that was brought up GM full nuance of human interest. Very brightened and touching. Messages will fear the loss of someone who might never appear again in this country.
Until now the human tragedy is still not found a bright spot searches. Before the intellectual actor revealed the news about human rights and Munir will always be actual.

Imagine, if only a formality before the law just in front of the State apparatus. Law is a tool without meaning, no meaning without matter.
In one of its weekly edition, dated March 9, 2003, Weekly News Magazines (MBM) Tempo raise an article in a national column titled “There is Tomy in Tenabang?”.
Based on coverage in the field, three journalists MBM Tempo is Ahmad Taufik, Bernard Rurit, and Cahyo Yuniadi find hidden fact relating to the land market market fire brother. Have inquired searchingly, there is a element of premeditation in the fire that destroyed the 5700 kiosk, 1 trillion merchandise and unemployed  1.3 million people instantly.
Three journalists concluded that in advance there is engagement between Artha Graha Group boss was with the Regional Government of DKI Jakarta – a kind of symbiosis tender, You glad I satisfied.
Tomy also filed a lawsuit to court.
Various reactions to the incidents involving appears capitalists such as Tomy Winata with MBM Tempo. Issue sticking out of the criminalization of the press. Imagine, as the vanguard of the legal apparatus for justice, silence does not apply only when the executioners posts TW ‘behave’ in the newsroom MBM tempo,  even when the apparatus is in their the territory. Anyone cant imposed things using physical violence! Moreover, officials at headquarters perched. Tempo, one of the pioneers of mass media in Indonesia did not move at the green table. Session after session passed.

TEMPO + Anonymous Source = U.S. $ 1 million
In a report the magazine Monitor, the case is more sticking to the public after the South Jakarta District Court ultimately win this case for TW. Even one million U.S. dollars in the charge to the media for immaterial damages in the form of defamation and victimization public by issuing false news without the power of ‘witness’. Tempo, use it in naming its starting ‘confidential source’ for the case. Andreas Harsono in one of his writings say, “Maybe this is a valuable lesson. An anonymous source, that statement was not verified by a second source or document, could be the beginning of the rampant lawsuit against the media. ”
These day, $ 1 million U.S. $ could be … … in your dream!

Rather choose interesting stuff

Geographically this country cornered from each other. Indonesia, located in Southeast Asia while the Chinese Communist state is indented into the European Continent.
What will happen if the two cities of the world civilization was told in a picture frame? Is Oscar Motuloh, the photographer senior from Indonesian news agency, Antara. And Zhuang Jin, a photojournalist from the Chinese news agency Xinhua has two years of dive grove capital of Indonesia, the documentation.
In the work of two photographers, the implicit cultural contradictions. The theme of poverty, social irony, or symbol of life to be captured every step of the documentation.
Let us look at the photo ruins in one slum China with a young man who was framing the fragility of the tree trunk. Then, let’s see photos that accompany skyscraper blue clouds, framed in the work of the human form of the dragon statue. Can be summed up in the photos of two opposing world. There are individuals who ‘lack’ in the material, but on the other hand, there is also an excess in making material.
Storey building and a dragon statue two cultural acculturation. The skyscraper more representative of the western world with the globalized modernity, while, more dragon statue representing the culture of the ancestors of the eastern nations.
Look also photo by Jin Zhuang. First, a shooting in the bustle of daily demonstrations and the poor at Jakarta. Hands fist, flag down, signifies the human spirit will be a change for the better in the midst of poverty that hit many areas in this nation.
Photography here is only a medium to convey social messages to us. In retrospect container in rotation of life. And the ‘subjective’ above the two photographers have said.
The work of photographer transnational exchange was exhibited in a simultaneous exhibition on December 13, 2003 ago, which took place in the two capitals, Jakarta and Beijing, with a unified theme: A Tale of Two Cities. In the realm of photojournalism Indonesia-in particular-, it is valuable momentum as domestic acknowlege photojournalism, both the perpetrators and the larger institution represents.

ON THE MEDIA: Collecting, Processing, and Presentation

As we know that the mass media divided into two major categories, namely, the print media, electronic media. The new media that have a place in Indonesian society these days is the internet as a new medium at the communication age.
Initially only a record
In early development, activity reporting, writing or journalistic activity known as the acta diurna, in the literal sense means the activity to write and proclaim the senate activities that took place at the time of Julius Caesar, around the 15th century. Now, after centuries past, a daily journal written by a journalist or diurnarii or has undergone significant changes based on changes that accompany age.
Journalistic activities can be viewed in some aspects. First, from the collection process. Forum editors are usually held, is the initial process before reporting to the field. In the forum, the entire crew of editors, both top management to lower management, a discussion about the actual issue that will be shown in every edition.
Then, after an agreement on what the theme will be ‘served’ the public editor of the crew jumped into the field under his job description respectively. Journalist as the main subject of journalistic activities. In structure, gathering news through the coordination process between the journalist as the main guard editorial by editorial staff who are on the table behind the existing institutions.
If the order is sorted as follows: Chief Editor – Managing Editor – Coordinator. Coverage – Journalist.
In the print media landscape, journalists are the primary subjects that are directly related to news sources. Then, the subject was responsible for editorial structural thereon and an institution when there is news that is considered defamatory or make a less good faith in the mind of the reader. Editors should provide a right of reply and correction rights when it turns out has made a mistake.
The process of preparing the print media in general use graphical displays that are categorized as simple or simpler, especially the media that there are formal. Try to compare the national media such as newspaper Kompas, Koran Tempo, etc. Mind. Looks simple is not it? Advanced typography is simplicity.

This is addressed in the formation of a visual language characteristics, ranging from the placement of the letter that looks simple, elegant, and eye-catchy, columns and textures are arranged in order to look more familiar and easily read by most people. Copywriting, or about aspects of writing and character styles that are offered to the public depends on the ideology and background of the media itself. There is written like a formal reporting standard, there is a story with a simple human speech so easily absorbed, there is also a sophisticated, full of contemplation and make shrunken brain.
And then electrified
Like the print media, the basic patterns of journalism in the search for, cultivate a fact the news is not much different. Only, the process presentation that gets different proportions.
Cyber ​​medium and the Age of journalism
As one embodiment of the third revolution after the industrial and agricultural revolution, information revolution is a continuation of the dynamics of human life from the use of muscle and machine to optimize brain and creative ideas. And finally appears a form of media in the information form the internet after a variety of innovations carried out to convey a message to the public. Finally, people also get a new vehicle in acquiring knowledge.
Cyber ​​Media is the medium of mass communication through the media world wide web in a space and time is called the virtual world. This is a new paradigm in the development of mass media that is able to transform the methods of interaction information on the development of present and future.
Cyber ​​Media has the main character, does not know borders (borderless), timeless (timeless), immediately (real time), and speed time (high speed). This is one of the cyber media advantages compared with other conventional media such as print media.
In general, the search process or the news media of cyber systems are not much different from conventional media such as newspapers, magazines and the like which are the means of message construction channels fro communicator to the communicant. There are work processes such as coverage by reporters into the field with coordination through the coordinator’s coverage, go to the editorial desk facing the managing editor who is in the second tier structure in the field editors.
Furthermore, the policy process-whether or not a work worthy of journalism in the media on-line decided in an editorial forum along with policies that are in the editorial responsibilities. Then, the buildings throughout the system referring to the fact the messages are selected, produced, processed, and eventually broadcast by the source through this fast-paced media to be able to be accepted and responded to by a number of audiences scattered, heterogeneous and anonymous. But, in on-line media like this, processing, and presentation of news take place very quickly.
Regarding the communication pattern
The same message can be received simultaneously, a second, and fast. In general, cyber media have diverse communication characteristics, can be one-way (one way communication) and two-way (two way communication). But it usually depends on the policy of the web owner. Because the goal was global. Typically, the communication that occurs within a site can be two way in which the communicator (owner) and communicant (The access the Internet) can interact directly without the need for bureaucracy and excessive costs. The communicants to respond to its information, and appear on the site page directly, through page or column reader opinions available.

Cyber ​​media lately is an industrial area to the world of journalism. Therein can be created information, supplements, consultation, public information, advertising, and of course the new employment in the field of information services. The development shows, that from time to time Internet users continues to grow. Let’s look at the global data center, Internet security services company that handles the server site until February 2000 showed that only registered visitors to the site 8 million people per day. Five years from that year, the number of users jumped significantly, definitely!
In cyber, deadline of a product of journalistic form of ‘news’ is a front view, and menus and sub-menu information needed an audience in place next to the edge of the headlines. As the Home page news today with updated news, archival information, was no less important. The menus presented information on a regular basis and systematically arranged to stay in clicks.
Cyber ​​Page views are different from the conventional media. In the view of conventional media page, the audience should bother turning the pages to obtain the information he wants, whereas, in our cyber page views practically lived just clicking on it. And time will be more efficient in the presence of the search engine, in which we live news typing the desired theme, and then, after we discovered just choose the themes that have been filtered. Cyber ​​also has packaging graphics even more interesting dynamic than in the conventional media. This can be seen in aspects of organizing elements such as point, line, form, texture, color, and tone into a structure and form a unified, orderly, and significantly more than the appearance of the conventional media. Display and appearance of cyber media provide value plus a more attractive first impression for the

Speaking about the value more: Advertising via conventional media.
Laid appearance of the conventional media as the main thing besides the weight of the contents are displayed, so that the average forms of lay out in the conventional media is quite good, good, and creative. Meanwhile, one aspect of the weaknesses of this medium, first, the physical form quickly obsolete compared to the contemporary media forms such as cyber. So that continuity will be very minm journalistic work. Then, if we would look for a topic or a particular advertisement should be searched thoroughly and regularly, it affects the individuals who have high mobility.
The information presented in print media is the news that has occurred and up to the audience who already went to press on the production period, so if there are more actual news and crucial after the production period elapsed, the event will not be contained. As with the site, the news contained in the web pages can be updated instantly. So, the news will be publicized throughout the world with as soon as possible (in accordance with one of the essence of journalism.) Another disadvantage, namely, the media (cyber) this can be misused by anyone and can be confused for a particular purpose because there is no limitation for users who can access it, so it is very dangerous for the psychological development of cyber service users who are under age, if not receive assistance and protection of older adults.